International Scientific Publications: Agriculture and Food
RESEARCH OF SOIL-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF LAND LOCATED NEAR KAVARNA TOWN AND ASSESSMENT OF THEIR SUITABILITY FOR VINES CULTURE
Mladen Almaliev, Krasimir Trendafilov, Violeta Valcheva, Stefka Todorova, Nikolay Minev, Nedialka Yordanova
The research object belongs to the Eastern terroir Black Sea and in terms of climate conditions the land of the Kavarna town belongs to the Black Sea climatic sub-region and the climatic region of the northern coast. The main soil difference spread within the research object are Haplic chernozems and of limited size plots are spread following soil differences: Gleyic chernozems in the west part and Rendzinas-in the northeast and east part. In this study successively were research and described the morphological characteristics of the main soil incisions and were determinate by soil characteristic-mechanical composition, soil reaction, content of total and alkaline earth carbonates, content of active calcium, humus content, content of easily absorbable iron and content of nutrient macro elements. Soil-climatic conditions of the research area are suitable for growth of vines for producing quality wines. The established temperature conditions in the area and respectively of the research terrain allows growth of quality white wine varieties, such as Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Traminer, etc., as well as growth of medium-early varieties for quality red wines such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, etc. It is not recommended growth of late and very late vine varieties.