Korinthiaki staphis (or Korinthiaki) is considered as one of the oldest grapevine varieties of the Greek vineyard. However, it has not been proven yet whether the raisins (or ‘astafides’ and ‘stafilides’), white and black, and “Stafiditis oenos” of Greek antiquity was produced from this variety. Also, it has not been confirmed whether grapevine variety “Psithia” mentioned by Virgil is identical to Korinthiaki staphis. According to Molon (1906), Psithia vine is identical to Passerina nera, that is Korinthiaki mavri. In Greek and international ampelography, there are many synonyms mentioned (Staphidampelos, Korinthiaki mavri, Korinthiaki, Lianorrogi, Mavri Stafida, Corinthe noir, Raisin de Corinthe, Corinto nero, Passerina nera, Black Korinth Zante Currants etc.) as well as many variations, such as Korinthiaki lefki, Korinthiaki rodini, Korinthiaki schistofyllos, Korinthiaki anthousa, Korinthiaki “mutant”, Stafidampelo Maloucho). The first historic reference of Korinthiaki staphis took place in the middle of the 14th century by Pegalotti, something that shows that the cultivation of this variety in the Greek area was known much earlier. Towards the end of the 14th century, Korinthiaki staphis dominates the european commerce, with main cultivation center initially north-western Peloponnese and later, Zante and Kefalonia. The cultivation of Korinthiaki staphis is recommended for Prefectures of Argolida, Achaia, Zante, Elia, Kefalonia, Korinthia, Lefkada, Messinia (total surface area 17000 ha, production 40000 tn approximately). Korinthiaki staphis is also cultivated in small surface areas in California and Australia.