Kotsifali is considered the most important Greek red wine grape variety, indigenous to the Cretan vineyard. References in written texts of 14th century C.E. hint at the cultivation of Kotsifali in Crete in earlier centuries. It was also used as part of the Cretan Malvasia blend. It was cited as “Kotsifali” and “Kotsiphali” by Viala and Vermorel (1909). The cultivation of Kotsifali is recommended in the viticultural region of Crete where it occupies a surface area of 1500 ha, and it is allowed in the viticultural region of Cyclades and Ikaria.