Carignan is an old grapevine variety of Spanish origin and it has been cultivated in eastern Pyrenees and the region of Midi since the 12th century. Carignan is one of the most widely cultivated varieties in the world. It is cultivated in France (200000 ha), Spain (80000 ha), Algeria (11000 ha), USA (11000 ha). Recently, the cultivation of Carignan has significantly declined. Carignan was imported in Greece in the early 1960s. Its cultivation is recommended for the viticultural areas of Crete, Thrace, Central Greece and Prefectures of Elia, Karditsa, Lakonia, Larissa and Messinia. Carignan is mentioned as Carignan noir, Catalan, Roussillonen, Mataro, Tinto Mazuela, Mazuela, Cariñena, Monestel and other names, and there are two color variations (Carignan gris, Carignan blanc).