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Chardonnay

Chardonnay is an old white wine grape variety of French origin (Macon Burgundy). According to Viala and Vermorel (1909), Chardonnay has been known since the 14th century. Chardonnay is probably the most widely cultivated variety in the world (113000 ha) with cultivation centers France (35000 ha), USA (40000 ha), Australia (16800 ha), Italy (11800 ha), Chile (6700 ha), Moldavia (5400 ha), Argentina (3300 ha). In Greece (500 ha approximately), its cultivation is recommended for the viticultural areas of Peloponnese, Macedonia, Thrace, Prefectures of Attica, Viotia, Heraklion, Ioannina, Karditsa, Kefalonia, Lasithi, Larissa, Fthiotida and it is allowed in the viticultural areas of Dodecanese and Syros. Because of the similarities in some ampelographic characters, Chardonnay was until recently mistakenly considered as a white variation of varieties Pinot noir and Melon. Chardonnay is also known as Pinot Chardonnay, Pinot blanc Chardonnay, Melon blanc, Melon d’Arbois, Aubaine, Petit Sainte-Marie, Morilon blanc, Rousseau, Weisser Clevner and other names.

Classification Schemes

VITIS -
720

OIV -

VIVC -

Ampelographic Description


by AUA
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Genetic profile

Microsatellites VVS2 VVMD5 VrZAG62 VrZAG79 VVMD7 VVMD25 VVMD27 VVMD28 VVMD32
Source A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2 A1 A2
VIVC 137 143 236 240 188 196 243 245 239 243 239 255 182 190 218 228 240 272
IVD 137 143 233 237 188 196 243 245 239 243 240 256 181 189 221 231 241 273
Pl@nt Grape 135 141 232 236 188 196 244 246 239 243 238 254 178 186 216 227 239 271
SVMD 137 143 234 238 189 197 243 245 239 243 - - 181 189 - - - -

Relevant Publications

4. Plant protection products in organic grapevine growing
Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Belgrade , 2010
5. CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF ORGANIC WINE
Annals of the University Dunarea de Jos of Galati , 2010
6. Natural process and use of natural matters in organic viticulture
Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Belgrade , 2010
15. Introduction Wine absorption by cork stoppers
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research , 2008